Tuesday, January 16, 2018

[13.06.2017] Forbes: Confronting The Jobless Economy (English)


What will we humans do as artificial intelligence and automation replace us in an ever-wider range of roles? In a world of rapid change, educators, policy makers and parents ask how education must change. What skills will be required for our future? Science and math? Creativity? Emotional intelligence? Empathy?..

Ниже есть продолжение.

...As a professor at Northwestern University, students, alumni and others often seek advice as to what could be next for their professional lives. “On what should I focus my limited time on earth?” Standard guru advice is to ‘find your passion’. True, but typically unhelpful. Passion is an overused word— how many people are “passionate” about selling more widgets? — and few of us seem to have clarity regarding what motivates us to outperform. This can take years to discover and our perspectives change over time.

As technology change destroys traditional roles for human beings — and generates new ones — the question of “what’s next” becomes central for each of us...

...Few roles are beyond risk. Techno-optimists argue that people will simply find new roles. As agricultural technology improved and agricultural employment declined from 60% of the US workforce in 1850 to under 2% by 2000, people found their way to industry. Similarly, people navigated from an industrial to a knowledge economy. The path was not without conflict, but we adapted.

Historical analogies can be misleading. The Industrial Revolution required more hands to operate machinery. The Knowledge Economy required more minds to do cognitive work. With AI and automation, we’ll require fewer of each. What work will be beyond hands and minds?

And this process will happen much faster. Past transitions occurred over generations. According to economic historian Paul David, electrification of manufacturing from the late 19th Century onward took about 40 years from the first central power station to the recognition of significant productivity gains to the economy. Massive Chinese manufacturer Foxconn last year announced it profitably replaced 50,000 jobs with robots. Insurance actuaries — a solidly white collar career — are already at risk. Expect our transition to be more rapid and possibly contentious...

...With support from Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg and his wife, Priscilla Chan, Summit Public Schools in Silicon Valley has built a technology platform to support personalized learning. In addition to ensuring students address basic concepts, the platform enables students to explore not just how to do things, but what things to do. What inspires them? What challenges will they design, explore and possibly conquer? Summit history teacher Aukeem Ballard explains, “It’s about what the teacher can support the students in aspiring to do through the classroom. How do we give them what they need, step out of their way, and let them do the brilliant work that we know exists in their brain?”

...To what do we aspire? This should be a life-long question. In a world where humans are obviated from more and more roles, everyone will require the ability to discover and define their missions, from near-term objectives to life-long purpose. We must prepare our children — and ourselves — with this capability. We’ll all need it.

Alfred North Whitehead observed, “Society progresses by increasing the number of things we can do without thinking.” Technology enables humanity to accomplish ever more. With such potential, our personal responsibility will become less about how to do things, and much more about what best to do.


No comments:

Post a Comment