Thursday, September 30, 2021

What is Engineering Design? (English)

Отрывок. Форматирование моё.

Engineering design is the method that engineers use to identify and solve problems...Engineering design is a [iterative] process... Engineers learn important information about both the problem and possible solutions at each step or phase of the process.

Engineering design is purposeful. The process always begins with an explicit goal. If it were a journey, it would be one with a specific destination...

Engineering design is "design under constraint." Designers must choose solutions that include the most desired features and fewest negative characteristics. But they must stay the limitations of the given scenario, which could include time, cost, and the physical limits of tools and materials.

Engineering design is systematic and iterative. It is a process that includes steps that can be repeated, although not always in the same order. Steps include things like planning, modeling, testing, and improving designs.

Engineering design is a social, collaborative enterprise. This process is often done in small teams that include people with different kinds of knowledge and experience. Designers are continuously communicating with clients, team members, and others.

Science is commonly described as the study of the natural world through observation and experimentation... Like engineers, scientists also use a reasoning process to solve problems: scientific inquiry.

Science inquiry and engineering design use similar cognitive tools such as brainstorming, reasoning by analogy, mental models, and visual representations. Scientists use these tools to ask questions about the world around us and try to deduce rules that explain the patterns we see. Engineers use them to modify the world to satisfy people’s needs and wants.

“Scientists discover the world that exists; engineers create the world that never was.”

Theodore von Karman, co-founder of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory

In the real world today, engineering and science cannot be neatly separated. Scientific knowledge informs engineering design, and many scientific advances would not be possible without technological tools developed by engineers...

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